Fail to Stop for Emergency Vehicle
Highway Traffic Act section 159
Where an emergency vehicle is approaching with its lights or siren, or emergency system activated drivers shall immediately bring their vehicles to a stand still (stop):
- as near as possible to the right hand side of the roadway, and
- clear of any intersection
Drivers must wait until the emergency vehicle has passed before proceeding.
Emergency vehicles include:
- fire department vehicles
- public utility emergency vehicles
A conviction on the drivers abstract for Failing to Stop for an Emergency Vehicle can affect insurance rates.
Some insurance companies may consider this a major violation and dramatically increase insurance rates.
Once the driver is convicted of a traffic ticket, the court sends a notice to the Ministry of Transportation.
Upon receiving the record of conviction, the Ministry of Transportation adds the court conviction to the driving record.
Therefore the way the insurance company will finds out about the ticket is;
- The insurance company contacts
- the driver calls and
- tells the insurance company that they received a ticket
Each insurance company is a private company with their own set of rules and standards.
Some insurance companies will not increase insurance rates for one ticket and others will. The problem is drivers don’t know what the insurance company is going to do, and if asked, there is a chance they will increase it due to the inquiry.
Drivers need to keep their driving records clear.
The out of court fine for Fail to Stop for Emergency Vehicle is $490.00.
Summons to Appear in Court
Where a police officer issues a summons to appear or the driver disputes the ticket, the Justice of the Peace (JP) can increase the fine up to $2000.00.
Where the court finds that the driver has a previous conviction for Fail to Stop for Emergency Vehicle the judge can increase the fine to:
- minimum fine $1,000
- maximum fine $4,000
- jail up to 6 months
- or both
- licence suspension up to 2 years
What is the Victim Fine Surcharge?
- The provincial government adds a victim fine surcharge (VFS) to every non-parking fine imposed under the Provincial Offences Act.
- It is deposited into a special fund to help victims of crime.
- The amount of the VFS is usually 20 per cent of the imposed fine.
- For example, a $100 fine would result in a $20 surcharge.
- Fines over $1,000 carry a surcharge of 25 per cent, $250.00
A conviction for Fail to Stop for Emergency Vehicle has the following penalties:
- out of court fine of $110.00
- maximum fine of $500.00
- conviction appears on driving abstract for 3 years
- can affect insurance rates
- 3 demerit points
Driving in a high occupancy lane tickets have 3 demerit points.
- G1 drivers are suspended for
- G2 drivers are suspended for
- G drivers are suspended for
Demerit Point Interviews
If you have to attend an interview, you will get a letter (Notice of Interview) to notify you of the time, date and location of the meeting. If you do not attend your licence could be suspended.
The fee for a demerit point interview is $50 and must be paid in person at any Service Ontario Centre.
You can pay the fee when you receive the Notice of Interview or within 10 business days of attending the interview.
Failure to pay the interview fee will result in the cancellation of your driver’s licence.
First offences for Fail to Stop for Emergency Vehicle do not have a licence suspension.
Where the driver has a previous conviction for Fail to Stop for Emergency Vehicle, a judge may order the suspension of their licence for up to 2 years.
There is no suspension for Novice drivers.
Demerit Point Suspensions
- Class G1 and G2 drivers are suspended for accumulating 6 demerit points
- Class G1 and G2 drivers are suspended for any one ticket with 4 demerit points
- Class G licences receive a drivers licence interview at 8 points
- Class G licences are suspended at 15 demerits
Approaching, following emergency vehicles
Stop on approach of vehicle with flashing lights or bell or siren sounding
159 (1) The driver of a vehicle, upon the approach of a police department vehicle with its bell or siren sounding or with its lamp producing intermittent flashes of red light or red and blue light, or upon the approach of an ambulance, fire department vehicle or public utility emergency vehicle with its bell or siren sounding or its lamp producing intermittent flashes of red light, shall immediately bring such vehicle to a standstill,
(a) as near as is practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway and parallel therewith and clear of any intersection; or
(b) when on a roadway having more than two lanes for traffic and designated for the use of one-way traffic, as near as is practicable to the nearest curb or edge of the roadway and parallel therewith and clear of any intersection.
In this section,
“emergency vehicle” means,
(a) an ambulance, fire department vehicle, police department vehicle or public utility emergency vehicle,
(b) a ministry vehicle operated by an officer appointed for carrying out the provisions of this Act or the Public Vehicles Act, while the officer is in the course of his or her employment,
(c) a vehicle while operated by a conservation officer, fishery officer, provincial park officer or mine rescue training officer, while the officer is in the course of his or her employment,
(d) a vehicle while operated by a provincial officer designated under the Environmental Protection Act, the Nutrient Management Act, 2002, the Ontario Water Resources Act, the Pesticides Act, the Safe Drinking Water Act, 2002 or the Toxics Reduction Act, 2009, while the officer is in the course of his or her employment, or
Here is no applicable case law for this charge as of the date of writing.
Please review the CanLi site for any updates.